What is the sense of the tense

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What is the sense of the tense

Post by Msdiggs on Tue May 19, 2015 12:00 pm

Can you review the past, present, present perfect and future tense simply?

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Re: What is the sense of the tense

Post by antonshim on Tue May 19, 2015 12:08 pm

Msdiggs wrote:Can you review the past, present, present perfect and future tense simply?

You mean how you make those in Hindi or the explanation of what they mean?

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Re: What is the sense of the tense

Post by Msdiggs on Tue May 19, 2015 12:10 pm

Yes a continuation of our previous discussion when I was trying to say:

"Will you help me speak hindi"
"I am going to speak hindi"

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Re: What is the sense of the tense

Post by antonshim on Tue May 19, 2015 2:44 pm

unfortunately, theres no easy way to review those all at once. They are each complex subjects. If you specify a fixed subject and a fixed verb it may be possible.

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Re: What is the sense of the tense

Post by Msdiggs on Tue May 19, 2015 2:50 pm

I will help you
I will go to the store next week.....

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Re: What is the sense of the tense

Post by antonshim on Tue May 19, 2015 3:17 pm

If I is a woman

The verb is करना (to do) - The verb stem is  कर
In hindi, there is no verb "to help". You "do the helping" / "do help" someone else. मदद करना


मैं आप की मदद करती हूँ I help you
मैं आप की मदद कर रही हूँ I am helping you
मैं आप की मदद करूँगी I will help you
मैं ने आप की मदद की I helped you
मैं ने आप की मदद की है I have helped you
मैं ने आप की मदद की थी I had helped you


Notice in the last three, the verb is not agreeing with मैं  but with मदद. ने  is what caused that. You can say that it blocks agreement with the "logical" subject.


Last edited by antonshim on Tue May 19, 2015 3:35 pm; edited 2 times in total

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Re: What is the sense of the tense

Post by antonshim on Tue May 19, 2015 3:23 pm

If "I" is a woman

The verb is जाना (to go) . The verb steb is जा

मैं दुकान जाती हूँ I go to the store
मैं दुकान जा रही हूँ I am going to the store
मैं दुकान जाूूँगी I will go to the store
मैं दुकान गई (गयी) I went to the store
मैं दुकान गई  हूँ I have gone to the store
मैं दुकान गई थी I had gone to the store

Notice is all of these ने  is not used. That is because going is a action you don't do to something else. You do it yourself.
Hindi divides verbs into two catergories for creating the past tense. For the most part it can be described as: Verbs you do to other things (hit, kill, throw, say, give, take) and verbs you do all by your self (walk, run, fly, go, swim, die, rise).

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Re: What is the sense of the tense

Post by Msdiggs on Tue May 19, 2015 3:46 pm

Very Happy cheers That's exactly what I am looking for! Thanks mystery man!

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