the conjunctive participle with kar

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the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by mwilson7983 on Tue May 19, 2015 11:29 am

kar can be used as and when you have more then one verb but how do you know which verb to attach it to ? and is there a special construction for it ? thanks Cool

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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by antonshim on Tue May 19, 2015 11:51 am

mwilson7983 wrote:kar can be used as and when you have more then one verb but how do you know which verb to attach it to ? and is there a special construction for it ? thanks Cool

It's always joined to the first one.

मैं वहाँ भागकर बैठ गया

मैं गाकर चल रहा था

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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by Msdiggs on Tue May 19, 2015 8:14 pm

Explain why and how this is used please. Is this the root of करना?

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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by Admin on Tue May 19, 2015 11:51 pm

Msdiggs wrote:Explain why and how this is used please.  Is this the root of करना?

No,  you can think of it almost the same as "and".  There is no direct equivalent in English. It is used when someone does two actions right after one another. The catch is there is only one person doing both actions.

In some cases,  it can be used to describe an action.

सँभलकर चलो walk carefully
कृपा/मेहरबानी करके पकड़ो kindly hold this

Introdction to Hindi Grammar p.  247
Hindi for non hindi speaking people p. 119

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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by Msdiggs on Wed May 20, 2015 7:05 am

Thanks, that second book I am not aware of will have to look it up.  Is the first book green or blue?

Green. The second book is quite complete but quite advanced in some ways.

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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by mwilson7983 on Thu May 21, 2015 10:58 am

So would you say in the second way it can be used like English suffix "ly" to the end of words i.E slowly, easily, etc

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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by Msdiggs on Thu May 21, 2015 11:07 am

good question @mwilson7983

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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by antonshim on Fri May 22, 2015 11:14 am

mwilson7983 wrote:So would you say in the second way it can be used like English suffix "ly" to the end of words i.E slowly,  easily,  etc

No, not quite. 1) It is very limited. Uses of it have to be memorised.

2) In examples you gave ly is added to an adjective. slow-->slowly. easy-->easily, quick-->quickly
In the Hindi examples, कर  is added to a verb. सँभालना --> सँभालकर, मेहरबानी करना  ---> मेहरबानी करके


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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by Msdiggs on Fri May 22, 2015 11:18 am

hmm, more to memorize

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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by antonshim on Fri May 22, 2015 11:21 am

Msdiggs wrote:hmm, more to memorize

language Learning is 95% memorization.  5% understanding.  Most native speakers don't know why they do certain things in any language. Language is an instinct we inherit at birth.

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Re: the conjunctive participle with kar

Post by mwilson7983 on Sat May 23, 2015 1:42 am

Very true

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